Eyelid surgery (also called “blepharoplasty”) is most commonly used to treat ptosis (dropping eyelid), entropion (inward eyelid) and ectropion (outward eyelid). For ptosis, the excess tissue is removed in order to shorten the eyelid and thus allow it to rise. For more information, see under “Ptosis”.
Entropion is the inversion of the upper or lower eyelid (i.e., inward turning of the lid margin) toward the globe. When this occurs, the eyelashes rub against the eye, usually causing significant discomfort and infection. The aim of surgery here is to tighten the eyelid and its attachments in order to stabilize the lid and return it to its normal position.
With ectropion, instead, the free edge of the lower eyelid rolls outward away from the eye or sags, thus acting as a reservoir for the tears produced by the conjunctival cul-de-sac. If the structure is not strong enough to keep the tears from flowing down the cheeks, eye dryness can result. The aim of surgery in this case is to restore tension in the lower eyelid to make sure it rests against the cornea.
Printable booklet for patients - before surgery
Printable booklet for patients - after surgery